What are the differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves?

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Many brands offer boxing gloves. And almost all of them offer gloves for both professionals and amateurs. It is easy to name a glove that is suitable for amateurs and another for professionals. But! Does the average consumer know what the differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves are?

I will try to clarify that in this article!

Table of content

Understanding the differences. The Size.

The padding and construction.

The Rules

Conclusion. Short brief.

 

 

Understanding the differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves. The ring and the size.

  • Amateur boxing gloves

There are usually two sizes used for amateur boxing gloves i.e 10oz and 12oz.

Many amateur boxers have not yet reached the point of full physical maturity. That is why Amateurs wear larger gloves as a precaution to prevent his body from suffering trauma. The rules for that are very strict.

Amateur fighters who compete between the middleweight and super-heavyweight divisions wear 12-ounce boxing gloves during their fights. Women use 10-ounce gloves regardless of weight class.

The Amateur who fights in the welterweight division and lower use 10-ounce gloves. This rule also applies to boxers who weigh 59 kg/152 pounds or fewer. The lowest weight class in men’s amateur boxing is the light flyweight category, which has a limit of 49 kg/106 pounds.

The Amateur boxing gloves usually come in two colors, red and blue. These colors indicate the color of the corner that the boxer starts the match from.

These gloves used in professional boxing mostly come in 2 sizes i.e 8oz and 10oz.

The strength of the professional boxer`s punch is unparalleled with the other sports, which makes wearing the proper gloves paramount.

When the boxer enters in the professional ranks, the size of his competition glove decreases.

In professional boxing, fighters in the heavier divisions compete in 10-ounce gloves. This rule generally applies for any boxer who weighs more than 67kg/ 147 pounds

The professional boxers who bouts in any class up to and including the welterweight division wear 8-ounce gloves during a match.

The lowest weight category (mini-flyweight) in professional boxing is below 47kg/105 pounds.

Fighters in these categories are extremely fast and the smaller gloves allow a boxer to strike and respond with increased speed. The bouts in this category usually run at high speeds and are very spectacular.

The padding and construction.

  • Amateur Boxing gloves

All AIBA-approved amateur gloves are padded with foam.

The main characteristic that differs amateur boxing glove from the pro boxing glove is the safety. All amateur boxing gloves have an increased level of padding around the knuckle area.

The better padding level is specifically designed to absorb the shock and reduce the power of the punch. The distribution of padding in pro boxing gloves is fundamentally different.

To reduce the potential for eye injuring, the thumb on an amateur boxing glove is not independent of the main body of the glove.

Velcro is another feature that distinguishes amateur gloves from those of professionals. Amateur gloves have a Velcro system that allows quick insertion.

This makes it possible to quickly adjust the gloves, as in the rules of many amateur boxing associations the boxer must enter the ring without gloves so that the referee can check the boxer’s bandages.

  • Professional Boxing gloves

Professional fight gloves are padded with foam or, more traditionally, horsehair.

The Professional boxing glove has a different type of padding. The purpose of this padding to make damage rather than protection.

The key design characteristic of pro boxing gloves is that the weight/padding tends to be more evenly distributed around the glove and the wrist section of the glove tends to be longer. This results in a thinner glove at the knuckle section. The main result of this design is that the potential for a knock out during a pro fight is greater than it is during an amateur boxing match.

Typically, professional boxing gloves are tied with laces and unlike amateurs, the inspection of the wrist bandages takes place in the dressing room before a pro fight.

The Rules.

  • Amateur Boxing gloves

Amateur boxing is very strongly regulated by amateur boxing associations. The gloves must be quality safety-tested before being authorized.

Most amateur boxing associations demand that the amateur boxing gloves used during contests are approved by the Amateur International Boxing Association (AIBA). This is mandatory at an international level like the Olympic Games.

AIBA approved amateur boxing gloves have on the wristband a small silver holographic sticker which shows that they are indeed AIBA approved.

AIBA sticker

Amateur boxing gloves have a white band across the knuckle area; this is the scoring area of the glove. If a punch lands and this white band is not in contact with the target, then this will be classed as a foul punch and the referee will issue a warning.

The AIBA Technical Rules stipulate what gloves must be used in amateur fights.

  • The boxer must use for competition, red or blue gloves depending on the color of its corner to the ring.
  • Boxers must put their gloves before entering the ring.
  • The gloves should be removed immediately after the match is completed and before the announcement of the result.
  • The soft filling should not be mixed or torn
  • Only clean gloves in good condition are permitted All gloves should be cleaned with 10% sodium hypochlorite solution before reuse.

Specification of the boxing gloves authorized for AIBA

  • The glove should weigh 10 ounces (284 grams) and 340 grams (about 12 ounces) with an admissible deviation of 5%, with the weight of the skin not more than half of the total of the weight and the weight of the soft padding total weight must be at least half of their total weight, with the tolerance of 5%.

 

  • The size of the gloves must meet the criteria given in the illustration below.
  • In all AIBA or AOB competition gloves with Velcro closure should be used. Closure of the gloves may be covered with a surgical band, a maximum of one layer around the portion of the glove covering the wrist to avoid arcade or skinning the opponent

 

  • The leather part of the boxing gloves should be of high quality, genuine leather: cowhide leather, Grade A leather, other skin of equivalent quality – approved by AIBA
  • The thumb must be attached to the main body of the boxing glove from the top, a maximum distance of 10 mm

 

  • The name of the competition may be placed on the gloves, subject to the following positioning and dimensioning requirements: Up to 50 cm 2 / fifty / at the front, top of each glove. The logo of an official vendor can be placed under the following requirements for positioning and dimensions:

 

  • A maximum of 24 cm 2 / twenty-four / on the wrist of each glove
  • Any other form of advertising is forbidden, in particular: designer’s logo, logo, signature and manufacturer’s name, etc.
  • The AIBA logo should be placed on the inside of the gloves.

 

 

AIBA specifications

 

 

 

  • Professional Boxing gloves

AIBA PRO BOXING (APB) COMPETITION RULES

  • All APB Bouts must be contested using new boxing gloves that meet the requirements of Rule 11.6 below and that are manufactured by one of the AIBA Official Boxing Equipment Licensees.
  • The padding of the gloves must not be displaced or broken

 

  • At Continental and World Level Bouts, APB will be responsible for providing identical pairs of new
  • gloves to the Boxers to use in the Bout. At National Level Bouts, the National Federation will be

 

  • responsible for providing identical pairs of officially licensed APB gloves to the Boxers for use in the Bout.
  • Boxers must put on their gloves in the respective locker rooms in the presence of an authorized APB Inspector.
  • The gloves must be taken off immediately after the Bout is over and before the decision is announced.

 

Specifications (Rule 11.6)

  • The gloves must have tolerance of 5% up or downwards of which the skin portion must not weigh more than half of the total weight;
  • Only APB approved gloves with a lace closure system must be used;

 

  • The skin portion of the gloves must be made of high-quality leather such as cowhide leather, Grade A leather or other materials of equivalent quality subject to approval by APB.

 

  • The thumb of the gloves must be fixed to the main body of the gloves with a maximum gap of 10 mm.
  • No logos, otherwise than those authorized by APB, must be placed on the gloves.

 

  • The logo of the AIBA Official Boxing Equipment Licensee must be displayed following the AIBA Official Boxing Equipment branding guidelines.

differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves

 

Conclusion

Let me briefly summarize the main differences below:

Amateur boxing gloves
  • Accent: prevent injuries
  • Craftmanship: cowhide leather, Grade A leather
  • Closure system: Velcro
  • Padding: Soft foam,  increased level of padding
  • Common size: 10-12 oz


Pro Boxing gloves
  • Accent: knock out
  • Craftmanship: cowhide leather, Grade A leather
  • Closure system: usual laces
  • Padding: Horsehair,  hard foam
  • Common size: 10-12 oz

 


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10 thoughts on “What are the differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves?

  1. This article is interesting and appreciated. It has never occurred to me that there are differences in sizes between professional glove(8-10oz) and amateur (10-12 Oz)”and that of amateur to prevent injury and pro is for knockout. I never knew about all this as regards to boxing. I always thought that their gloves are the same. I love boxing and I do watch every tournament especially Olympics and other challenge made by two professionals boxers. I love the various types of gloves both for amateur and pro. Thanks for sharing this article, I have learnt something today. 

  2. Hi! These differences you have mentioned here are significant. I didn’t know them all. I knew the intention in amateur gloves was to prevent injuries and in the pro gloves to facilitate knock out.

    But I didn’t know the padding was done differently: soft foam for amateurs and horsehair for pros. 

    I had noted the laces and the smaller size in pro gloves. And also knew this has an impact in speed. But I didn’t know they were the same concerning their craftsmanship.

    Thank you very much.

  3. I must say that this is a a great article for those interested in boxing, I really like how informative this article is. You have provided a detailed explanation of amateur, pro and profession gloves.I wasnt even aware of the rules you had to follow with gloves up until now. 

    It is very important that amateur gloves are extra padded at the knuckles because as a amateur boxer, you haven’t your body hasn’t developed enough, and the extra padded area around the knuckles will reduce the pressure of the punch as you have mentioned. 

    Thanks for this article

  4. True to you words, an average customer or viewer do not know anything about glove size, its significance and the reason why some boxers wear different sizes of gloves.

    Although I’m not however excluded in this class of clueless customers as I never knew anything about glove size before now. Atleast I’m happy I’ve learnt something today. 

    However, my question is : why do woman use the same size of glove no matter the weight or category of the fight? 

    1. First, because of the rules. Secondly, women generally use smaller sizes. I think this size is fixed because the gloves are neither very heavy nor very light. The women have gentle heads and thin bones. The speed and injuries with smaller one gloves will be incredible. Professionals or Amateurs we should keep them pretty! Right!? 🙂

      You may want to read this article: Women boxing gloves 14 oz or women boxing gloves 12 oz –which are the best womens boxing gloves?

  5. This is a very informative post, and educates boxing lovers on the specifications of boxing gloves. I had always thought pro boxers and amateur boxers use the same gloves. Now I know that amateur boxers gloves are made to prevent knockouts, this makes amateur boxing boring. Especially with the presence of big headgears on their head.

    Still love boxing, but I only watch pro boxing. 

    Regards

    1. Watching professional boxers on TV is a great fun. But if you personally step into the ring you will want to be the best-protected amateur in the world. Believe me I have a painful experience 🙂

  6. Great Content and Information!

    What a concise and thorough article. Tons of value to be found on this post on how differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves. This is a great and simple to follow guide. You laid it all out clearly and showed series of examples that helped emphasize your various points. This guide will be very useful for me because I am a seasoned boxer and I am hoping to get my gloves anytime soon. I am jist getting to know about pro hloves because i am familiar with amateur gloves. Thanks for the eye opener 

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What are the differences between pro gloves and amateur gloves?

by Doychin Paunov time to read: 7 min
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